Main public transit systems in and around Naples:
- Airport: Alibus - €3 one-way (if you buy ahead of time; €4 if you buy on board; tickets also good for a connecting public transit ride up to 90 min total), circulates between Capodichino Airport, Piazza Garibaldi Central Train Station, and Piazza Municipo (right by the Molo Beverello port, Castel Nuovo/Maschio Angioino and Piazza del Plebiscito). Runs every 20-30 minutes from 0630 (from the airport) or 0600 (from Piazza Municipo) to 2340 (from the airport) or 0010 (from Piazza Municipo)...but check the schedule to be sure.
- Cheaper but Slower/Less Convenient Alternatives:
- ANM Bus C68 runs between Viale Fulco Ruffo di Calabria (just outside the airport) and Piazza Carlo III (which is still pretty far from downtown Naples)
- ANM Bus 580 runs between Via Salomone Oreste (not far from the airport/Capodichino base) to Piazza Tecchio in Fuorigrotta (in one direction) and Stazione Scampia (in the other direction, aka Piscinola Metro Line 1).
- ANM Bus 182 runs between Viale Comandante Umberto Maddalena (a bit farther away) to Piazza Cavour (a stop on Metro Lines 1 & 2) and then to Piazza Dante (also Metro Line 1)...but make sure you get on the right direction (the other way goes north of the airport)
- ANM Bus 183 runs between Viale Comandante Umberto Maddalena (same as 182) to Stazione Scampia (Piscinola Metro Line 1)
- If you're going to Sorrento or the Amalfi Coast, Curreri Viaggi runs a bus between the airport and Sorrento.
- If you're going to Salerno (at the end of the Amalfi Coast), CSTP runs line 119 but only 3 times a day, and not on Sundays
- Underground: Metropolitana - Naples' main "metro" underground, which is technically two services: the older Line 2 is run by Trenitalia and the remainder (Line 1 and Funiculars) are run by ANM (Azienda Napoletana Mobilità, formerly Metronapoli). The Naples Metro and Naples Line 2 Wikipedia pages also have good information, as does Vivere Napoli for Line 2 (in Italian)
West: Cumana and Circumflegrea run between Naples and the Campi Flegrei, west of Naples. While their trains are a bit more run down than the Metropolitana, they can be very convenient for people who live west of Naples.
- South: Circumvesuviana runs around Vesuvius (hence the name, "around Vesuvius"!) to various suburbs; it is most useful for getting to Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Sorrento. Catch it from the Centrale Train Station; you have to walk to the end of the train station and down some escalators to get there; in most cases you want to catch the trains leaving for Sorrento. Note the tips under "Avoiding Pickpockets," below. Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Sorrento require NA-2, NA-3, and NA-5, respectively (see Tickets, below).
- The Campania Express is a special version of the Circumvesuviana that only stops in Naples, Ercolano, Pompei, and Sorrento (basically the 4 places tourists want to go), and thus goes a lot faster. It also costs a lot more (€15 roundtrip, or €10 if you have a Campania Artecard, compared to €2.50, €3.20, or €4.50 for the normal NA-2/3/5 tickets)...it also only runs a few times a day and only between late May and mid-October.
- Buses: ANM (Azienda Napoli Mobilità) is the major Naples bus service; they mostly service the city itself, but also have "extraurbane" lines that run to nearby suburbs like Pozzuoli. They also run the Alibus airport shuttle and half of the Metro system (see above).
- Buses Outside Naples: CTP (Consorzio Trasporti Pubblici di Napoli) runs buses in various Neapolitan suburbs, mostly north of the city, including the T63R, which runs roughly once an hour between just outside the gate of the Gricignano Support Site and the Aversa train station from 0400 to 2200. From the Aversa train station you can take trains (including the MetroCampania NordEst) to Naples or other destinations (Rome, etc.). CTP also runs buses between towns north and west of Pozzuoli (Quarto, Monterusciello, Licola, Arco Felice...).
- Amalfi Coast: SITA Sud run buses mostly to/from and within the Amalfi Coast. SITA stands for Società Italiana Trasporti Automobilistici ("Italian Auto Transport Company")
- Everything Else: EAV (Ente Autonomo Volturno) runs a bunch of different services including the Circumvesuviana (see above), MetroCampania NordEst (the Arcobaleno or "Rainbow" line, going from Piscinola, the end of Line 1, to Aversa, near the Support Site), and the former "Sepsa" lines (Cumana and Circumflegrea) (If you're curious, SEPSA used to stand for Società per l'Esercizio di Pubblici Servizi Anonima which means "Joint-Stock Company for the Operation of Public Services").
- this map shows all the other stuff (buses, trams, etc.) that isn't on the main ANM map, in the city center
- More Info:
- Metro Line 2: As of 2015, the last Line 2 for Pozzuoli leaves Garibaldi at 2202...except on Saturdays it's 2147 (!)
- According to the Trenitalia website, the first Line 2 trains leave from Pozzuoli towards Naples at 0546. The first direct trains from Naples (Piazza Garibaldi) to Pozzuoli are around 7 AM (but direct trains from Napoli Campi Flegrei to Pozzuoli start at 0510).
- Metro Line 1: As of 2015, the last train leaves Piscinola at about 2222 (0048 on Friday & Saturday) and leaves Piazza Garibaldi at 2310 (0132 on Friday & Saturday)...this can get you to various parts of downtown or Vomero but not the Campi Flegrei.
- Cumana/Circumflegrea: As of 2015, the final Cumana headed to Torregaveta leaves Montesanto at 2141; the final Circumflegrea headed for Licola leaves Montesanto at 2123 (but there's another one that goes to Quarto leaving at 2143)
- Campi Flegrei: An EAV bus ("Napoli - Monte di Procida") leaves Piazza Vittoria (on the Naples waterfront, not far from Castel dell'Ovo) at 2250 bound for Pozzuoli, Cuma, Bacoli, and finally Monte di Procida.
- this bus is probably the best option for folks living in Pozzuoli and beyond who want to stay downtown beyond 10 PM
- (ANM bus #401 used to run between Naples and Pozzuoli until ~4 AM but is no longer...)
- Airport: Midnight to 4:30 AM you can take night bus N5 (but the pickup/drop-off near the airport is at Piazza Vittorio, at the intersection of Calata Capodichino and Corso Secondigliano, a good ~mile walk from the airport).
Naples in general, and especially the Central Train Station at Piazza Garibaldi, is notorious for pickpockets. A particularly bad place is getting on & off the Circumvesuviana train. However, if you take the following precautions, you can travel in safety (also realize that it is extremely rare for pickpockets to actually hurt anyone—you are much more likely to get hurt/killed in the US):
- Be a "hard target" - if you blend in and look like you know what you're doing, you're less likely to be targeted than if you obviously look like a lost foreigner
- Don't have anything to steal - minimize how much cash/credit cards you have on you
- Hide what you have - put your money, etc. in a money belt, interior pocket, etc. so it's hard to get
- Get on the front - pickpockets tend to avoid the first car of the train, since the driver/conductor is usually there
- Avoid commotions/crowds - any commotion is likely a distraction so you don't notice the pickpockets
Conveniently, all the various transit agencies have collaborated to allow you to buy one ticket, the TIC ("Ticket Integrato Campania"), to use across several different transit networks. Most tabaccherie (tobacco shops) and newstands sell them. For example, you can buy a TIC that takes you from the Cumana (run by Ente Autonomo Volturno (E.A.V.), formerly SEPSA) to the metro line 2 (run by Trenitalia or RFI, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana) to the Circumvesuviana (also run by E.A.V., formerly its own agency) to a local Amalfi Coast bus (run by SITA Sud, also see unofficial English site). Here are the major tickets:
- TIC Napoli - This is good for any public transit in and near the city of Naples, including the entire Metropolitana system. You can either buy an hourly ticket (good for 90 minutes, €1.50) or an all-day pass (giornaliero, €4.50).
- TIC NA-x - This is for travel to/from Naples and somewhere outside the city. For example, TIC NA-2 (€2.50) gets you between Naples and Pozzuoli. Find the exact fare here.
- TIC AC-x - This is for travel between two points that doesn't include Naples. For example, TIC AC-4 gets you between Salerno and Positano. Find the exact fare here.
- "Aziendale" (Transport Operator) Tickets - these are issued by one transport company and are only good on that company's services. Usually cheaper than the TIC tickets for a specific ride/itinerary (as long as you aren't changing operators), but more of a hassle. This page (or this PDF) shows what they look like for ANM; this PDF shows the ones for EAV.
Sample "Aziendale" Ticket from ANM
- for example, if you want to take a single Naples Metropolitana Line 1 ride within the city of Naples, you can pay €1 for a single-way ticket from ANM (confusingly called "ANM-U-NA-1")
- ...but if you want to ride the Metropolitana Line 2 (which is run by RFI) or the Cumana (which is run by EAV) within the city of Naples, you pay €1.20 for a single-way ticket ("ANM-U-NA-2")
- ...compared to the €1.50 TIC Napoli which lets you ride any form of transport within the city of Naples for 90 minutes (including transfers).
- Similarly, an "Aziendale" ticket from RFI on the metropolitana line 2 between Pozzuoli and Napoli costs €2 compared to the €2.50 TIC NA-2.
- Note that an "Aziendale" all-day pass on ANM costs €3.50 compared to the normal €4.50 TIC Napoli Giornaliero...but it doesn't let you ride Metro Line 2, the Cumana, or anything else that ANM doesn't run
- UnicoAlibus - €3 one-way ticket to/from the Capodichino airport, Piazza Garibaldi (train station), and Piazza Municipio (ferry terminal near Piazza Plebiscito).
- TIC Isole - used on the islands of Ischia, Procida, and Capri. Since all transit on the islands is handled by one agency, in most cases the ticket is an "Aziendale" one, but they should also accept other region-wide tickets (e.g. if you have an ArteCard Campania, it should also work on buses on Capri).
- Ticket Prices
- ArteCard - While the ArteCard 365 is great for residents, there are several tourist versions that offer free transport as well as entry into museums/archaeological sites. The most useful for most tourists is the €32 "Campania 3 day" version, which includes free transit anywhere in Campania for 3 days, plus free entry into two sites with 50% discounts on most other sites—if you take public transit to and from Herculaneum and Pompeii, and use those as your two free sites, the card more than pays for itself. An even better deal if you have more time is the €34 "Campania 7 day" version which gets you 5 sites for free, and 7 days of free region-wide public transit.
- Note that the Campania Express train gives a discount (€10 instead of €15 round trip) to Campania ArteCard holders, but it's not free.
- ArteCard also doesn't cover the Alibus or Freccia/AV/ES/IC trains.
Note: the system changed in early 2015...beforehand, UnicoNapoli was used within the city of Naples and UnicoCampania
for travel outside of Naples.
Ferries connect Naples (and other places, like Pozzuoli) with the various islands (Procida, Ischia, Capri) and with the coast (Sorrento, Amalfi, etc.). There are also some longer-haul ferries that run to the Pontine Islands, Aeolian Islands, Sicily, Tunisia, etc.
- Napoli - Mergellina is an smaller terminal near the Mergellina metro stop at 40°49.63'N 14°13.35'E; Molo Beverello (40°50.28'N 14°15.3'E) and Calata Porta di Massa (near Molo Immacolatella Vecchia, 40°50.57'N 14°15.56'E) are both near the Castel Nuovo (see this handy map that shows the two; there is a free shuttle boat that connects the two every 15 minutes). In general, ferries leave from Calata Porta di Massa and hydrofoils from the other two.
- Pozzuoli - ferries to Ischia & Procida, plus a couple to Capri. Metro del Mare runs to Sorrento and Amalfi Coast from spring to fall. 40°49.44'N 14°7.09'E accessible by Cumana or Metro Line 2
- Procida - one port, many ferries going to/from Ischia stop here
- Ischia - Ischia Porto (closest to Naples/Castello Aragonese, 40°44.74'N 13° 56.32'E), Casamicciola (north coast, near spas, 40°44.96'N 13° 54.33'E), Forio (largest town, on the west coast)
- Capri - Marina Grande
- Sorrento - Marina Piccolo (is actually larger than the Marina Grande, which cannot accomodate ferries)
- Positano, Amalfi, Salerno - during the summer, ferries link these Amalfi Coast towns with each other and Naples
Summary of Procida
, summary of Capri
lines at capritourism.com
(select your "destination" from the drop-down menu), summary of Ischia
lines at ischiainformazione.net
, summary of Naples lines (used to be more comprehensive, but now doesn't list Pozzuoli) on Qui Napoli
. The Naples Port also lists all departures
for the next 24 hours.
- SNAV - ferries from Naples Molo Beverello to Capri and to Ischia Casamicciola (via Procida); also goes to Palermo (Sicily), Pontine Islands (Ventotene and Ponza), and Aeolian Islands (such as Stromboli). www.snav.it 081-428-5555 [warning: their catamarans are known as the "Hurlinator"!]
- NLG (Navigazione Libera del Golfo) - ferries from Naples Molo Beverello to Capri and from Naples Calata Porta Massa to Sorrento. www.navlib.it 081-552-0763, 081-552-7209
- Neapolis - runs ferries from Naples Molo Beverello to Capri (a division of SNAV/NLG?) 081-552-7209, 081-428-5555 - Capri: 081-837-0819, 081-837-7577
- Alilauro - ferries from Naples Molo Beverello/Mergellina to Ischia and from Beverello to Sorrento. www.alilauro.it 081-497-2222 call center, 081-497-2238 booking,
- MedMar - ferries from Pozzuoli to Ischia (Porto & Casamicciola) and from Naples Calata Porta Massa to Ischia (Porto). www.medmargroup.it 081-551-3352 or 081-333-4411
- Caremar - ferries from Pozzuoli to Procida, Ischia (Porto & Casamicciola) and from Naples Molo Beverello & Calata Porta Massa to Procida, Ischia, and Capri. www.caremar.it 081-526-2711/1335 (Pozzuoli) 081-551-3882 (Naples)
- Gestour (Gestur) - ferries from Pozzuoli to Procida, Ischia, and (in July/Aug) Capri, www.minicrocieregestur.com
- Metro del Mare -
a low-cost series of ferries that run in the summer from Bacoli, Pozzuoli, and Naples (Beverello, although MM1 also stops in Mergellina) to the Vesuvius suburbs, Sorrento, and Amalfi Coast www.metrodelmare.net 199-466-664 firstname.lastname@example.org closed?
- Alicost - ferries within the Amalfi Coast www.lauroweb.com/alicost.htm 089-8710483
- LMP (Linee Marittime Partenopee) - includes Alilauro, NLG, and Alicost; see combined schedules at www.consorziolmp.it
- TTTLines - daily ferry to Catania (on the East Coast of Sicily), known for its racy advertising, office 081-575-2192, tickets 081 580-2744, www.tttlines.it
- Tirrenia - daily ferry to Palermo (Sicily) and Cagiari (Sardenia), 081-017-1998, www.tirrenia.it
- Ustica Lines - hydrofoils to Aeolian Islands (Favignana, Levanzo, Trapani, and Ustica, East of Sicily), 0923 87 88 13, www.usticalines.it
Trains connect you easily and conveniently with the rest of Italy and Europe. Depending on how many people are traveling, trains can be cheaper than driving, and in many cases (such as going to a crowded city like Rome or Florence) cause less hassle. For a great introduction to Italian trains, see The Man in Seat 61's Guide to Train Travel in Italy.
The following are the main train stations:
- Napoli Centrale (Garibaldi) - this is the main train station, with the most traffic, next to Piazza Garibaldi downtown. Be forewarned that there are a number of pickpockets in the area.
- Napoli Campi Flegrei - like Mergellina, this is both a Metro and a train stop; a handful of trains going north to Rome or south to other destinations stop here.
- Pozzuoli Solfatara - while this is mostly a Metro stop, occasionally trains run from here to Villa Literno or Formia, from which you can catch a train to Rome, bypassing downtown Naples.
- Is it worth it? Since it takes 0.5-1 hours to get to Napoli Centrale from Pozzuoli on Metro Line 2, it is thus sometimes both cheaper and faster to take a train to Rome directly from Pozzuoli (changing trains in Villa Literno or Formia). For example, a Regionale train from Pozzuoli (changing in Villa Literno or Formia) takes about 2.5 - 3 hours and cost €10.50, while even the fastest trains from Napoli Centrale are 1.2 hours and can cost over 3 times as much—if it takes 1 hour to get to Napoli Centrale (which is typical), that means your total travel time is almost the same!
- What's the schedule? Go to the Trenitalia website and search for trips between Pozzuoli Solfatara and Roma; the ones that show 2 Regionale trains will be the ones that bypass downtown Naples.
- How do I buy tickets? To buy a ticket, stop by the bar outside of the Pozzuoli station and ask for a biglietto anadata a Roma (one way ticket to Rome). If one of your connecting trains is Intercity, stop by the ticket booth to buy an upgrade, or you can pay for the upgrade plus an additional fee on the train.
- Caserta - this station serves some ES-AV (fast) trains leaving for Rome/north and Salerno/south; it may be a good option for people living near the Support Site
- Aversa - this is the closest train station to the Support Site. See CTP, above, for information about the bus between the Support Site and Aversa train station. MetroCampania NordEst (see above) also runs a metro between Aversa and Piscinola (where you can catch Metropolitana line 1 to Naples).
Types of Trains
There are four major types of trains, in descending order of speed and cost; examples are standard times and rates from Naples to Rome as of 2015:
- Alta Velocità - travel between major cities at 200 kph
- Other names: "Frecciarossa" ("Red Arrow"), "Frecciaargento" ("Silver Arrow", slightly slower at 1:12), "Alta Velocità" (Highest Speed), or "Fast"
- Time from Naples to Rome is about 1 hour (1:08-1:10)
- Price varies by when you buy; if you buy well in advance, you can get substantial discounts: between ~€21 and €39; meanwhile "base" fares (which is usually all that remains at the last minute) are ~€43 (for 2nd class "Standard")
- Italo - this is a private train company that runs Alta Velocità-like trains along the same tracks as Trenitalia...it's almost the same price/speed, although with some plusses (free wifi) and minuses (Rome's station is Tiburtina, which is less convenient for most people than Termini). See this comprehensive review by The Man in Seat 61 and this NY Times article to learn more.
- EuroStar - travel between major cities...some of these are now "Frecciabianca" or "White Arrow" semi-fast trains (1:50, €29.00-34.00)
- Intercity - while they are slower than AV or ES trains, IC trains have more comfortable 2nd class cabins, and arguably have more personality. Since they are older, they are likelier to be dirtier, however. Intercity "Plus" trains are somewhat newer, and inexplicably cost less. (2:00-2:13, €13.00-26.00)
- Regionale (sometimes also called "Espresso") - these stop in every cattle town along the way. Some are basically modern commuter trains; some look like they were left over from Mussolini's regime. (2:16-2:49, €11.20)
At night, many trains (such as ICN, "Intercity Notte") offer beds, with between 2 and 6 to a compartment. This can often be a convenient way to travel long distances, since you don't have to pay for a hotel room that night, and you show up first thing in the morning. On some trains (such as Intercity 2nd class), if there is room in a compartment, you can also push together two facing seats to make a horizontal bed.
Three main airports are nearby that you should consider for air travel; also see the Europe page's list of discount airlines:
- Naples Capodichino (NAP) - obviously the closest and most convenient, although it does not have as many flights as Rome's airports
- Roma Fiumicino ("Leonardo da Vinci", FCO) - Rome's major airport. Obviously this would involve getting to Rome first, but sometimes it is cheaper/easier since Rome has more flights.
- Roma Ciampino (CIA) - a formerly military-only airport that now caters to low-cost airlines such as easyJet and RyanAir; it does not have direct rail connections but there are still various relatively cheap transport options (also see Wikipedia's information on transport here). There is cheap parking for military personnel near the military base (41°48.6'N 12°34.9'E, see map). If driving, do not follow signs for Ciampino Centro (with a target), only Ciampino Airport (with a picture of an airplane). Some Americans also like parkeu.com which charges ~€30 for 7 days.
See this site for information on transport to and from both FCO and CIA.
Unless you are at a place like Piazza Garibaldi, it is generally hard to find/flag down a taxi. Thus, it is usually advisable to call. The following are numbers for taxis in Naples:
081-556-4444 Napoli (English)
081-556-0202/081-560-6666 La Partenope (English)
081-570-7070 Radio Taxi La 5.70
Many routes and destinations have pre-determined fixed rates
. Consult this and discuss the fare with the driver before you leave to make sure you don't get ripped off. (e.g. as of 2011, the fixed rate from Piazza Garibaldi to the Airport is €15.50, and from Naples to the Pozzuoli Solfatara is €40, but it can be much more than that if you don't set the rate before you leave.) If you register online, you can even reserve a taxi online
. They also have a list of taxi stands around the city
. For U.S. Military, the Naples Chief Petty Officers' Association runs a "Tipsy Taxi"
service to prevent drunk driving; call the NSA CDO at 335-640-6597 or NSA Quarterdeck at 081-568-5547.
To learn when strikes may be scheduled, consult the following resources: